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XXVIIth World Road Congress
Pre-proceedings of the Congress

Topic 6. Economic and social effects of investment and operation in the road sector

  • IP0065 - A guide to the socio-economic assessment of dedicated motorway lanes for public transport
    Mathieu LUZERNE

    Bus Rapid Transit systems on motorways are mobility services that have proved their worth internationally, particularly in South America and Asia. In Europe, this type of service has been developing strongly over the last 15 years or so and is accompanied by the development of dedicated lanes on congested sections of motorways. However, as a result of the opportunity effect, projects are sometimes [...]

  • IP0177 - A study on direct and indirect effect analysis of Korea's first expressway: in transportation and logistics
    Choi YOON-HYUK

    This study aims to analyze how much socio-economic benefits the opening of the Gyeongbu Expressway, the Korea's first expressway, in 1970 provided over the past 50 years by implementing past road networks and estimating O/D traffic volume, and comparing them with established scenarios. As a result, the opening effect of the Gyeongbu Expressway was estimated to have generated about 245 trillion won [...]

  • IP0517 - A Study on the Determinants of Forecasting for Sales at Korea Expressway Rest Areas using a Regression Analysis
    Jae-Uoong KIM , Hyunji KIM

    In South Korea, a huge budget is invested in the construction and operation of National Expressways. As expressway operator, the Korea Expressway Corportion(KEC) is making various efforts to secure sustainable investment and stable income sources. Toll fare and Service area sales are very important sources of income for exprssways. Therefore, in addition to Toll revenue, it is very important to manage [...]

  • IP0729 - Analysis of the optimization of investments in road projects in the ex-ante stage

    To make a decision to execute a road project, it is necessary to carry out an economic evaluation, calculating the investment costs and, on the other hand, the social benefits. The profitability of the project seeks the situation in which the benefits are greater than the costs, a situation that sometimes does not occur because the geometric design parameters and the local conditions of the land increase [...]

  • IP0156 - Assessing social equity and accessibility of transport systems for people with disability in Kenya

    Social equity can be associated with all road practices and policies that ensure fair and just transport in terms of mobility, access and costs allocated to the transport infrastructure. Equally, social accessibility reflects the attribute of transportation infrastructure and systems that enables affordable and accessible mobility for different users’ context. The implementation of these two aspects [...]

  • IP0421 - Assessment of the Relationship between the Critical Road Network and Multidimensional Poverty in Angola
    Carlos Andrade NETO

    ABSTRACT The first of the Sustainable Development Goals approved by the United Nations General Assembly aims to end poverty in all its forms, so to meet this goal it is necessary to conduct surveys to collect information that allows the adoption of the pertinent measures. In turn, transport infrastructure is an important instrument to combat poverty. In the present work, an evaluation of the relationship [...]

  • IP0281 - Attempt re-examine Road Transportation Infrastructure Impact on Economic Growth in Côte d’Ivoire
    Zohore Olivier KOUDOU

    The relationship between transport infrastructure and economic growth has attracted a lot of research effort and attention from economists, policy makers and politicians since the early 1990s. Several previous studies could not confirm the direction of causation between the development of the transport sector and economic growth. In addition, most of these studies have typically relied on cross-sectional [...]

  • IP0325 - Countercyclical tax and price policy in transport
    István KÖVESDI

    In my most recent article on motor vehicle taxation, I tried to develop proposals – mainly regarding fuel excise tax and motor vehicle tax –, which aim to promote the spread of the more environment friendly technologies, and to tax these fuel technologies and vehicles more proportionately than before. However, I have concluded that even an optimal taxation driven by environmental, economic and [...]

  • IP0542 - Economic and social effects of investment and operation in the road sector: case of PTDIU (Burkina Faso).
    Donzala David SOME

    Transport and Urban Infrastructure Development Project (PTDIU) is a structuring project launched by the Burkinabè government with the support of the World Bank and the Swiss Cooperation, which came into force in mid-November 2016. The initiative of this project responds to the concern of finding a solution by the Government and its partners for better urban management, the development of infrastructures [...]

  • IP0231 - Economic evaluation of externalities caused by traffic accidents
    Alena DAŇKOVÁ , Lenka TOMEŠOVÁ , Jiri AMBROS

    Currently, there is growing political and social pressure not only for safe but also for sustainable transport, which aims to minimise the negative environmental impacts of transport. Sustainable transport policy, if it is to be enforced, must be based on real data, which should be monitored not only in terms of the number and severity of accidents, but also in financial terms. In addition to the [...]

  • IP0227 - Examine the road funding framework in west Africa: the case of road infrastructure in Côte d’Ivoire
    Zohore Olivier KOUDOU

    Background: Since political stability returned after 2011, Côte d’Ivoire’s transport sector has been undergoing rapid development, and the country is now re-emerging as a leading regional transport center. A number of challenges persist, however, particularly in regards to the funding and the maintenance of the national road network, the state of the country’s sole railway line and the underdeveloped [...]

  • IP0276 - Improving the consideration of GHG emissions in the socio-economic balance sheet through life cycle analysis. Three cases study (road, Aerial, autonomous passenger shuttle) in France.
    Buttignol VALÉRIE

    The planet is warming up fast. The temperature has already risen by 1.1°C since 1850, and if nothing is done, we risk exceeding +4°C by 2100 at the global level. The transport sector is a major source of GHG emissions. It accounts for 24% of global CO2 emissions. It is estimated that global GHG emissions from transport will increase faster than in other sectors without a strong mitigation policy, [...]

  • IP0283 - Study on Benefit Estimation of Travel Time Reliability of Urban Expressway in Japan
    Mariko NAKAI

    This study focuses on the benefits associated with the improvement of travel time reliability, which is a new concept of monetary benefit other than travel time saving that has been conventionally used for cost-benefit analysis of new road projects. In this study, the estimation method is prepared and the test calculation is conducted by targeting the opening of a new route in the urban expressway [...]

  • IP0422 - Support for the construction and reconstruction of forest roads in the Czech Republic between 2007 and 2020

    There are about 38.5 thousand km of forest roads suitable for the timber hauling by road trucks and set of vehicles in the forests of the Czech Republic. As part of subsidies for non-state owners, the construction of new and reconstruction of existing forest haulage roads with a total length of about 1,770 km was supported. There were 1,344 projects. The paper discusses the change in the parameters [...]

  • IP0349 - Trans-Sumatera Toll Roads Investment to Boost the Economic Growth of Western Indonesia
    Ryan Tri Resmi AZHARI

    Sumatera is the third largest island of Indonesia at 473,481 km2 with a population of 58 million. This area is abundant in energy resources and has great potential in farming and forestry. For many years, transportation in Sumatera was only served by one main trunk road (Jalintim) and two other complementing lanes, where Jalintim serves most of the traffic (i.e: inter-island traffic for logistics [...]

  • IP0653 - Using State Funds for Faster Construction of Infrastructure for the Most Vulnerable Road Users
    Karolína ZPĚVÁČKOVÁ

    The Czech Republic co-finances development of road network for the most vulnerable road users. The aim is to increase their safety and guarantee accessibility and barrier-free use of these structures even for handicapped users from the state budget. This mainly concerns the construction of sidewalks, pedestrian crossings, crossing points, bus stops, pedestrian bridges and underpasses, and cycle paths. [...]